Medicine & Health Science Liasion


Welcome to the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences Library. The goal of the library is to support the teaching, learning and research in health sciences for the faculty and as well as the nation at large. The Faculty of Medicine and  Health Sciences Library  is historically and by designation the country's national focal point for health information, and it is the only comprehensive source of biomedical and health information in Zimbabwe. The library is situated on the ground floor of the University of Zimbabwe Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences on Mazowe Street.
Information and Knowledge Management Specialist in the library provides research support services to the faculty students, lecturers and administrators. To the health professionals in Zimbabwe there is also provision of outreach services. Outreach Services available include: Literature searches on any biomedical subject of interest; Verification of references, and other bibliographic services; Electronic mail services to institutions and individuals world-wide and provision of photocopies of journal articles on request.


Contact Information

Mr D Musemburi (Information and Knowledge Management Specialist)

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Mr A. S. Ndlovhu (Assistant Information Specialist)

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Ms M. Chinzou (Assistant Information Specialist)

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Where to find us:                      

University of Zimbabwe

Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences - Ground floor

Box A178 Mazowe Street Avondale Harare, Zimbabwe
Tel.: 263-244-791631
Fax.: 263-242-705155

Book an appointment

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Training Services

The Faculty IKMS offers the following training sessions to individuals and groups
•    E-Resources (Online searches and Information Retrieval)
•    Electronic Reference Management (Zotero and Mendeley)
•    Citation Tracking
•    Increasing research visibility and accessibility
•    Referencing and Citation
•    Literature Searches
•    Information and Digital Skills training

Outreach Services


•    The Outreach Services available include:
•    Literature searches on any biomedical subject of interest
•    Verification of references, and other bibliographic services
•    Electronic mail services to institutions
•    Individual’s world-wide and provision of photocopies of journal articles on request

Ethesis and Dissertations

How to find a Faculty of Medicine and Health Science thesis in UZ Libraries.
Masters and doctoral theses that have been submitted to UZ are available electronically through the UZescholar Institutional repository (

Referencing and Citation

What is plagiarism and how to avoid it


Harvard citation style

Referencing in the Harvard style is a two–part process:

  • Citation in the text: this is the brief indication of the source within the text of your work immediately following the use of the source whether quoted or summarised. This often referred to as in text citation
  • Reference list: a complete list of all the cited references used in your work with full bibliographic details, to allow the reader to follow up these references and find the original text.

Sources are cited within the body of your assignment by giving the name of the author(s) followed by the date of publication. All other details about the publication are given in the list of references or bibliography at the end.

  • If the author(s) name appears in the text as part of the body of the assignment, then the year will follow in round brackets, E.g. Chimayo (2018) claims that…

Include a page number and quotation marks if you have directly quoted an author’s words, e.g. Moyo and Dube (2011, p. 2) define management as “...”

  • If the author(s) name does not appear in the body of the text, then the name and date should follow in round brackets, e.g. The terminology has been called into question when it was discovered...(Smith 2017).
  • When citing in-text, include the name of up to three authors, if there are more than three authors for the work you are citing then use the name of the first author followed by "et al.", e.g. This was shown to be the case when Moyo et al (2020)...Or, the study shows...(Moyo et al. 2020)
  • If you are directly quoting from a source, then you should include the page number in your citation.
  • A short quotation (under two lines), should be within the body of the text and in quotation marks, e.g.
  • There is still a labeling issue when it comes to flavourings in food, it is noted that, "flavours such as vanillin which occur naturally in food are called ‘nature–identical’. The label does not have to state where it comes from." (Wilson 2009, p. 257).
  • If the quote is more than two lines, then it should be presented as a new paragraph which is preceded by a colon and indented from the rest of the text. E.g.
  • Wilson (2009, p. 257) has looked at food flavourings in the UK and makes the following observation about Vanilla:

“In Britain, flavours such as vanillin which occur naturally in food are called ‘nature–identical’. The label does not have to state where it comes from. A flavouring only counts as fully ‘artificial’ if it does not occur in nature at all, as is the case with another, stronger vanilla–substitute called ethyl–vanillin (often used in chocolate).”


Secondary referencing

  • This is when you reference one author who is referring to the work of another and the primary source is not available (refer to the primary source where it is available).
  • You must make it clear to your reader which author you have read whilst giving details of original term by using ‘cited in’, e.g. (Ecott 2002, cited in Wilson 2009) or (Cannon 1989, quoted in Wilson 2009, p. 269).



Author surname(s), initial(s) Year of publication, Title, Place of publication, Publisher.


Books with two or three authors

  • In-text: (Mitchell & Thomson, 2019) OR Mitchell & Thomson (2019) has found...
  • Reference List:

Mitchell, J.A. & Thomson, M. (2017) A guide to citation.3rd edn. London Publishings: London.


Books with two to three authors

  • In-text: (Mukudu&Chikasa 2017) OR Mukudu and Chikasa (2017) have found ...

Reference List: Mukudu, R &Chikasa , K (2017), Transformed cities, 8th edn, City Publishers, Gweru.

  • Note: when the authors names are incorporated in the text use 'and' instead of an ampersand.


Journal Articles

  • Author(s) surname, Initial(s) Year of publication, 'Article title', Journal title, vol., no., pp.
  • When citing journal articles with multiple authors, follow the same format for books with multiple authors.



Holding, M. Y., Saulino, M. F., Overton, E. A., Kornbluth, I. D. & Freedman, M. K. (2008) Interventions in Chronic Pain Management. 1. Update on Important Definitions in Pain Management. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 89 (3, Supplement 1), S38-S40.



  • Follow the advice given for web sites and include the access date and either the database in which the journal appears or URL in angle brackets, e.g.

Ramalho, R., Helffrich, G., Schmidt, D.N. & Vance, D. (2010) Tracers of uplift and subsidence in the Cape Verde archipelago. Journal of the Geological Society. [Online] 167 (3), 519-538. Available from: doi:10.1144/0016-76492009-056 [Accessed: 14th June 2020].



Author (or organisation responsible for the site) Year, Title, viewed Date (day month year), <URL>.

Goldacre, B. (2008) Trivial Disputes. Bad Science. Weblog. [Online] Available from: [Accessed 19th June 2020].

Goldacre, B. (2011) Dore - the media’s miracle cure for dyslexia. Bad Science. Weblog. [Online] Available from: [Accessed 19th June 2020].


Reference Management Software

There are various software packages that you can use to help compile and manage your references into your own personal database or library. These software packages allow you to import your references directly into your own database from many online sources such as electronic journals, electronic books, websites and library catalogues. They also allow you to work with a word processing package to insert in-text citations, your footnotes and bibliography/ references into a document and then automatically format to your preferred style. 



Mendeley - is both a free reference manager and an academic social network designed to help researchers find and work with collaborators. Although you do have to download the program, it is free and web-based. This means you have access to your data from anywhere in the world as it is stored remotely. Go to for the Mendeley Quick Start Guide.



Zotero is a free, open-source research tool that helps you collect, organize, and analyze research and share it in a variety of ways. Zotero includes the best parts of older reference manager software — the ability to store author, title, and publication fields and to export that information as formatted references — and the best aspects of modern software and web applications, such as the ability to organize, tag, and search in advanced ways. Zotero interacts seamlessly with online resources: when it senses you are viewing a book, article, or other object on the web, it can automatically extract and save complete bibliographic references. Zotero transmits information to and from other web services and applications, and it runs both as a web service and offline on your personal devices.Comprehensive online support is available - via Zotero Support ( ).